According to Professor Arasaki of the University of Tokyo, sea vegetables contain more minerals than any other food.
All of the 56 elements essential for human health are present in sea vegetables, including calcium, magnesium, potassium, iodine, iron, and zinc, together with important trace elements such as selenium that are often lacking in land vegetables due to soil demineralisation.
What is more, the minerals in sea vegetables exist in a chelated, colloidal form that makes them readily 'bioavailable' for use in crucial bodily functions. Population studies show that people with a regular intake of sea vegetables show few symptoms of mineral depletion and the longevity of the people of Okinawa is believed to be due to their regular consumption of sea vegetables (1).
Sea vegetables have traditionally been consumed in moderate amounts and on a regular basis to provide a balanced intake of minerals. For example, kombu is a good source of iodine, which is necessary for proper thyroid function and is of general benefit to health, but a few people with sensitive thyroids may have an adverse reaction to excess iodine, and for this reason kombu should not be consumed in excess.
For more information, you can dowload the nutrional information at the bottom of this page.
Over the last few decades, medical researchers have discovered that a diet rich in sea vegetables reduces the risk of some diseases and helps the body eliminate dangerous toxins.
If you're watching your weight, sea vegetables could be a useful addition to your diet. They are high in fibre, contain next to no calories and provide a good balance of essential minerals.
Nutrients in sea vegetables appear to cleanse the colon and improve digestion and absorption. Scientists at the University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne have found that alginate, the sticky starch present in brown sea vegetables, can strengthen gut mucus, slow down digestion and make food release its energy more slowly (2).
In another study comparing the faecal flora resulting from the Japanese diet with the Western diet, significantly greater numbers of beneficial oxygen-loving (aerobic) organisms were found to derive from the Japanese diet (3). This is believed to be due to the antibiotic activity of sea vegetables, which destroys harmful anaerobic bacteria.
Sea vegetables are known to bind heavy metals and radioactive pollutants that are present in the environment from industry and transport and remove them from the body. Scientists at McGill Univeristy in Canada showed that sodium alginate removes the radioactive element strontium, along with heavy metals such as cadmium and lead from the system (4).
Several decades ago, dietary researcher Dr. Weston Price found that natives of the high Andes carried a small bag attached to their necks containing a greenish-brown substance, a quantity of which was consumed every day. This substance was sea vegetable obtained with much difficulty from coastal Indians, but which these healthy dwellers of the high Andes would not do without (5).
Dr Jane Teas of Harvard University has published a paper proposing that kelp (kombu and wakame) consumption might be a factor in the lower rates of breast cancer in Japan (6). She is now researching the effects of sea vegetables as a natural alternative to HRT. Sea vegetables are very high in lignans, plant substances that become phytoestrogens in the body, meaning that they help to block the chemical oestrogens that can predispose people to cancers such as breast cancer.
For more detailed information on sea vegetables, their history and health benefits, we suggest the article: Nature's Secret for a Long and Healthy Life? (PDF) by Jane Philpott and Montse Bradford published in 2006 by the Nutrition Practitioner.
For more articles published by the Nutrition Practitioner, visit: www.nutprac.com
(1) Sho H, 'History and characteristics of Okinawan longevity food' Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition 10 (2001):159
(2) Brownlee I A et al, 'Alginate as a dietary fibre' Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 45 (2005):497-510
(3) Clarke JS, Bartlett JG, Finegold SM et al, 'Bacteriology of the gut and its clinical implications' West J Med 121 (1974) 390-403
(4) Waldron-Edward, 'The use of alginate in the prevention and treatment of radio-strontium toxicity', Gastrointestinal Research Laboratory, Department of Surgery, McGill University, Montreal (1986)
(5) Price W, 'Nutrition and physical degeneration', (Price-Pottenger Nutrition Foundation) (1997)
(6) Teas J, 'The dietary intake of Laminaria, a brown seaweed, and breast cancer prevention' Nutr Cancer 4 (3) (1983):217-22